In the previous modules, we have learnt about the meaning of inequality and discrimination, and while reading, we came across certain personalities who fought against this inequality and discrimination. We shall learn about them here.
End of Apartheid:
After 27 years in prison, former South African President, Nelson Mandela, was freed in 1990 and successfully achieved the end of apartheid in South Africa, bringing peace to a racially divided country and leading the fight for human rights around the world.
Apartheid was the highest form of discrimination that existed in South Africa. It was the governing policy in the country by the minority whites over the majority non-whites.
Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar:
• He is popularly known as Baba Saheb.
• He was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer.
• He earned his M.A. in \(1915\) and then obtained a D.Sc at the London School of Economics before being awarded Ph.D by Columbia University in \(1927\).
• He served as the chairman of the drafting committee of the constituent assembly and hence regarded as the father of the Indian Constitution.
• He was independent India’s first Law Minister.
• He was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1990.
We have learnt about socio-economic inequality. We know that the Districts with low literacy rate have lower sex ratio. Let's see census data relating to this.
Literacy rate – 2011 Census
Sex Ratio – 2011 Census
Number of females per 1,000 males