Democracy in its very nature essentially promotes and preserves the dignity and fundamental rights of citizens.
Basic objectives of Democracy:
The aim of democracy includes the following,
1. The power is vested in the hands of the people. For that, the people should have the right to make decisions.
2. Everyone cannot participate in decision-making. So, the representative government is elected by the people to form a democratic system.
3. All those who attain the age of 18 are given the voting rights to elect the representatives (Universal Adult Franchise).
4. The representatives have the responsibility to protect the welfare of the people.
Universal Adult Franchise:
The principle of one vote per person is also known as the universal adult franchise. The Universal Adult Franchise implies that all citizens who are \(18 \)years and above irrespective of their caste or education, religion, colour, race, and economic conditions are eligible to vote.
One citizen per person
New Zealand is the first country to allow women to vote (\(1893\)). Voting rights to women were given in \(1918\) and \(1920\) in the UK and USA respectively.
Women Voting Rights
At the same time, the wealthy alone were given the voting rights in India. Many leaders like Mahatma Gandhi kept insisting on giving voting rights to all. Now in India, all the people above 18 years of age enjoy Universal Adult Franchise.
Oldest Democracies in the World:
Many countries contributed to the growth and evolution of democracy. In that, European countries played a significant contributor role.
|5th century |
|Greece||Foundation of political philosophy|
|Roman Empires Democracy||300 BC – 50 BC (BCE)||Italian Peninsula, Rome||Loads of expansions of the growth of civilization|
|San Merinos |
|AD (CE) 301||Italy||Earliest written constitution|
|The Iceland |
|AD (CE) 930||Thingvellir||The oldest and longest|
in the world
|The Isle of Man’s Democracy||AD (CE) 927||Between Great Britain and Ireland||Self governing possessions of the crown|
|13th Century |
|England||Magna Carta of \(1215\)|
| US Democracy ||AD (CE) |
|United States of |
|The oldest standing |