Climate: Long and freezingly cold wind, short and cool winter. Rainfall is scanty. It is always covered with snow.
In this lesson we will the different of forest in various regions of North America and it's flora and fauna.
Tundra type of vegetation:
Region: Nothern Coast of Canada and Northern Islands.
Flora/Vegetation: Mosses, lichens and dwarf willows. Except for some bright flowering plants that grow during the short summer season, not much vegetation is found here.
Fauna: Arctic Fox or Blue Fox, Reindeer, Musk Ox, Polar Bears, Wolverine, and Sable
Taiga or the Cold temperate Coniferous Forest
Climate: Icy winter with short and warm Summer. Heavy snowfall in winter.
Region: To the south of the Tundra belt. South-Central Alaska and Northeastern Canada.
Flora/Vegetation: Pine, Fir, Cedar and Spruce (Coniferous forests). Trees of this region are characterised by conical leaves and thick stem.
Fauna: Beaver, Fox, Sable, Ermine, Skunk, Caribou Moose, Elk, Black Bears and Grizzly Bears
Coniferous forests are also known as boreal forests or Taiga forest.
Climate: Cool winter and hot summer. The rainfall is very less.
Region: Southwest USA, Northern Mexico Desert
Vegetation/flora: Due to scanty rainfall, trees hardly grow in this region. Cactus, Saguaro Cholla Cacti and yucca are the main vegetation grown here.
Fauna: Desert Fox, Gazelles, Scorpions, Lizards and Rattle snakes
Cool Temperate Deciduous forests
Climate: Hot Summer and mild winter, and moderate rainfall.
Region: Florida, Gulf Coast the southeast USA
Vegetation/flora: Chestnut, Oak, and Poplar, Cypress
Fauna: Oxes, Squirrels, Deer, Raccoon Rabbits, and Musk Ox
Temperate Prairie Grasslands:
Climate: Frigid winter and hot summer with moderate rainfall. Short trees are almost absent, and only grass grows due to less amount of rainfall.
Region: Central USA and Central Canada
Flora/Vegetation: Grasses, shrubs, herbs. North America's temperate grasslands are called as Prairies.
Fauna: Coyote, Gophers, Rabbits, Prairie Dogs and Bison.
The Mediterranean type of Forest:
Climate: Summer is hot and dry. Winter is cool and wet.
Region: Western Coastal margin and Southern California
Vegetation/Flora: Olive, Grapes, Orange, Cork, Oak, Apricots, Walnut, myrtle and Fig. Trees in the region are characterised by small shining leaves and hard stems.
Fauna: Not much wildlife is found here.
The Tropical rain forestsClimate: High temperature and heavy rainfall, mainly in summer
Region: Southern Mexico, Central America and West Indies, i.e. around the Gulf of Mexico coastal region
Vegetation/flora: Palms, Logwood, Mahogany, Rubber and Cacao Trees. Most of the land of this region is under cultivation.
Fauna: Monkeys and Snakes
Rubber tree and bowl filled with latex
Climate: Temperature falls with a rise in attitude (so with the change in altitude, the climate also changes). The rainfall received on the slopes also varies.
Region: Rocky Mountains
Vegetation/Flora: Pine, Fir, Mosses and Lichens
Fauna: Deer and Bear
Image credit: Gazelle - Smithy55/Shutterstock