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Theory:

We have toured and studied important features of North America such as location, vegetation, climate, resources etc. Now let's travel south and explore South America.
 
South America is the fourth-largest continent by land and the fifth-largest by population, behind Asia, Africa, and North America.
 
Unlike North America, the latitudinal location of the continent extends from the Northern to Southern Hemisphere. But, Most of the South American continent lies within the Southern Hemisphere and is called the “Southern Continent”. And longitudinally, the continent is located in the Western Hemisphere.
There are \(12\) countries in South America. South America is connected with North America via the Isthmus of Panama in the North West.
Central America and South America are together known as Latin America because it has been discovered and colonised mostly by the Latin’s (the Spanish and the Portuguese). 
The Incas were the largest group of indigenous people in South America when the Europeans arrived. 
The political division of South America - Yaclass.png
The political division of South America
 
Latitudinal Extent:
 
From\(12°N\)
To\(55°S\)
 
Longitudinal Extent:
 
From\(35°W\)
To\(81°W\)
 
Important Latitudes:
 
LatitudesPassing Through
Equator \((0°)\)The mouth of the Amazon river
Tropic of Capricorn \(23\) and \(1/2°\)\(S\)Rio de Janeiro in Brazil
 
World map with latitudes and longitudes.png
World map with latitudes and longitudes
Shape of the continent: Inverted triangle

Area of the continent: \(17,840, 000\) Sq. Km. i.e. around \(12\%\) of the land surface of Earth.
Important physical features that border South America:
 
Physical feature
Direction
Caribbean SeaNorthwest and North
Atlantic OceanNortheast, East, and Southeast
Pacific OceanWest