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Physical maps
Natural features such as topography, geology, soils, drainage, weather, climate, and vegetation are all illustrated on physical maps. These can be classified into the following categories:
 
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India - Physical Map

Relief Maps:

Relief maps depict the topography of a region, such as mountains and valleys, plains, plateaus, and drainage.

Geological maps:

Geological maps are made to depict geological features, rock types, and so on.
 
Climatic Maps:

Climatic Maps represent an area's climate areas. In addition, maps are created to depict temperature distribution.

Soil maps:

Soil maps are diagrams that depict the distribution of various types of soil and their characteristics.
Cultural Maps
These can be classified into the following categories:

Political Maps:

Political maps depict the administrative divisions of a region, such as a country, a state, or a district. These maps make it easier for the administrative machinery to plan the administrative unit in question.

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India - Political Map
 
Population Maps:

Population maps are used to depict population distribution, density, and growth, as well as age and gender composition, religious, linguistic, and social group distribution, and occupational structure.

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India - Population density map
 
Transportation Maps:

Roads, railway lines, and the locations of railway stations and airports are all included on these maps.

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Indian Map showing Highways
 
Economic Maps:

Economic maps show the production and distribution of various crops and minerals, the location of industries and marketplaces, and trade and commodity flow routes.
 
Thematic maps:

These maps depict the spatial variation in the distribution of a specific feature or theme.