Settlements are mainly classified as Compact settlements and Dispersed settlement.
Patterns of Settlements
Compact settlement is also known as nucleated settlement. As the name denotes, in this type of settlement, a large number of houses were built very close to each other. This kind of settlements is mostly found in the highly productive alluvial plains and areas of rich economic activities. Regions of compact settlements in India are the northern plains and the coastal plains of peninsular India.
It is obvious that areas of rough terrain such as mountains, extreme climatic regions, thick forests, grasslands, and areas of extensive cultivation are sparsely populated. So here, the houses are spaced far apart and after interspersed with the field.
Regions of dispersed settlements in India are the northern Kosi tract, the Ganga delta, the Thar Desert of Rajasthan and the foothills of the Himalayas and the Nilgiris.
Hierarchy of Settlements