Theory:

We have seen the definition of production and the types of utilities. Now, let's learn about the types of production process, which is common in the Economy.
  
Primary Production:
       For any industry to produce goods, it needs raw material. Primary production carries out the process of extracting  raw materials from the earth's surface and the ocean's. Industries like agriculture, forestry, fishing, mining and oil extraction are examples of this.
 
shutterstock_1494272252.jpg
Agriculture
 
Secondary Production:
         This type mainly deals with converting the raw materials into semi-finished or finished goods. They are generally described as manufacturing and construction industries, such as the manufacture of cars, furnishing, clothing and chemicals, as also engineering and building.
    Example:
  • Cotton (Primary sector) – Cotton Industry (Secondary Sector) = Cloth Production
  • Iron ore (Primary sector) – Iron Industry (Secondary sector) = Material Production
  • Wheat flour (Primary sector) – Bread Factory (Secondary Sector) = Food Production
shutterstock_1821359021.jpg
Secondary production - Industry
 
Tertiary Production:
         Industries in the tertiary sector mainly focus on all those services that enable the finished goods to be put in consumers' hands. Examples include distributive traders, banking, insurance, transport and communications. Government services, such as law, administration, education, health and defence, are also included.
 
shutterstock_1690833148.jpg
Tertiary production - Bank
Important!
The most significant contributor to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of our country is the tertiary sector.