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• The Administration of Maratha state under Shivaji was designed similar to the setup of Deccan Sultans. He appointed Hindus in high category posts and made Marathi their language.
• Most of the administrative ideas of Shivaji established was inspired by Malik Ambar of Ahmednagar.
• Three basic principles are considered as the basic features of Shivaji’s administration. They are,

Shivaji in his throne
• Shivaji divided the entire area of his territory into three categories of Provinces namely, Prants, Parganas and Tarafs, each of which was kept under the direct control of the viceroy who in turn are accountable to the King.
• His administration was highly centralised, and he was assisted by a group of “eight ministers or the Ashtapradhans”. Each of the ministers was assigned with a department who has to take care of it and the King was at the top of the authority.
1.Peshwa / Prime Minister – looked after General Administration.
2. Majumdar – controller of revenue and finance.
3. Waquia Navis – Intelligence department.
4. Surnavis / Chitnis – Royal Correspondence.
5. Senapati -  Military Commander.
7. Panditarao – Religious and Charity department.
8. Sumant / Dabir – Master of Royal ceremonies, foreign affairs.
• During the latter part of the rule the Peshwa became all-powerful and was considered as the De facto ruler of the state, and except the Panditarao, and Nyayadish all the others have to serve the army of the state in case of emergency.
The rural part of the Maratha empire was controlled by the Deshmukh, who had control over fifty villages. The Villages were headed by “Patil” and they were assisted by “Kulkarni’s (record keepers)”. The rural government functioned in a proper sense even in the absence of the Central power.
Chauth – $$1/4th$$of the for protection his subjects in Non-Maratha territories.