Theory:

Agriculture under Vijayanagar
  • Agriculture flourished under the reigns of Vijayanagar kings who supported the practice of Irrigation ad trade under their rule. They constructed numerous Irrigation channels and tanks for the development of Agriculture.
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Agriculture in Vijayanagar
 
  • The Agricultural lands were also part of the Krishna – Godavari doab which enabled the cultivation of numerous crops. The empire also had the facilities of stocking the cultivated grains which helped the rulers to protect their subjects from poverty and malnourishment.
ABDUR RASSAQ: A Persian traveller who visited India during the Vijayanagar empire had stated about the Irrigation tanks built by the kings of Vijayanagar with the help of Portuguese masons in his account.
Trade
  • The Empire’s connection with the foreign powers enabled the trade to flourish under their reigns which was ably supported by the shipbuilding that took place on the west coast of India.
  • The inland travel was facilitated by Krishna and Godavari rivers which ran through the empire.
  • Textile and Mining acquired more significance under the empire.
  • Precious stones like Diamond were exported to various places like Burma, China, Arabia Persia and Portugal.
Contribution to Literature
  • Krishna Devaraya considered the greatest ruler of the empire is a huge patron of art and literature, he had contributed books like “Amuktamalyada” in Telugu and other poems and plays in many other languages.
  • Other rulers also encouraged the growth of literature in various languages like Tamil, Sanskrit, and Kannada other than Telugu.
ALASAANI PEDANNA: He is believed to be the greatest contributor to Telugu literature, known by his famous works like “Manucharitam and Harikathasarasamu”.
  • Other notable poets like Tenali Ramakrishna, Nandi Timmana, Madayya, Pingali Surana and Dhurajati also adorned the courts of various rulers and contributed significantly to the development of Telugu Literature.
Architecture
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The Stone Chariot in Hampi.
  • The Rulers of the Vijayanagar empire loved to build lofty temples with gopurams which brought a new style into the existing architecture systems, and it was known by the name of Vijayanagar Architecture.
HORSE: The picture of the Horse was the most commonly sculpted image in the pillars of Vijayanagar temples and Mandapas.
  • The most iconic features of the Vijayanagar architecture was the Rajagopurams and Kalyana Mandapas (Open Pavilions), another important feature include the pillars embedded with designs. 
  • Vithal Swamy temple, Hasara Rama temple and the sculptures of Hampi are the finest examples of the Vijayanagar empire.