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In this chapter, we will learn about gender and the factors affecting women's empowerment. Women play an important role in all aspects of society. Globally in \(2017\), the share of women in the world was \(49.6\) %.
Women Empowerment and Sustainable development
“You educate a man; you educate a man. You educate a woman; you educate a generation”- Brigham Young.
"To call woman, the weaker sex is a libel; it is man’s injustice to woman –Mahatma Gandhi.
For sustainable development in the country, women's role in political, social, economic health needs to be improved, and gender equality needs to be attained. 
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Social Aspects of Gender
Let's understand the difference between sex and gender.
Sex is the biological trait that societies use to assign people into the category of either male or female.
Whereas, Gender refers to the characteristics of women and men that are socially constructed. This includes norms, behaviours and roles associated with being a woman or man.
What determines gender roles?
Gender doesn't always depend on biological traits; rather, it is developed by society and the cultural meanings that are attached to these sex categories. It involves what an individual think or feel of himself/herself.
Sociology of gender makes us understand how society influences our understanding of the difference between masculinity (what society views as appropriate behaviour for a "man") and femininity (what society thinks is acceptable behaviour for a "woman").
Important Factors for Women's Empowerment
  • Education is necessary for the empowerment of women. Education enables a woman to make decisions and accept responsibilities at home and in outer space.
  • Gender discrimination must be eliminated so that women can excel in various fields. It will bring out new innovations and improvement in their respective fields.
  • The other forms of discrimination based on caste, religion, must also be eliminated. 
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