Theory:

The working of the State Government
There will be two or three assembly meetings conducted every year. The most important business of the assembly is to create a law which is allocated to the state and concurrent list.
 
Powers of the Assembly:
  • It has control over the Ministers and finances.
  • It may pass a no confidence motion against the government.
  • The government should get acceptance from the assembly to impose, increase or decrease or recall any tax.
  • It takes part in the presidential and Lok Sabha elections. Rarely does it also take part in the amendment of the constitution.
Hence the business of the government can be broadly classified into: Creation and execution of laws and ensuring Justice. 
How Law takes it shape
The Legislative assembly is the responsible body to create rules and law which are included in the state list.
Example:
To drive a car / bike one should possess a driving license.
 
Spitting in a public place will be a finable offence.
 
Everyone should wear a helmet while driving a bike/moped.
The above said rules and laws are not simply made. Before it takes in its present form there were many discussions, corrections and revisions had happened on any rule or law in the legislative assembly. 
The law-making process is given below:

bill.png
 
Executing Laws:
 
Chennai is the city where the legislative assembly of Tamil Nadu is located, so it is the capital of Tamil Nadu. To the smooth functioning and execution of law, every state government has several lakhs employees in its work force like collectors, tahsildars, revenue officers, doctors, teachers, policemen, tax collectors, etc. They should follow the orders of the government.