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Theory:

Assonance is a stylistic literary device identified by the repetition of identical or similar sounding vowels in neighboring words whose consonants are different.
  • A stitch in time saves nine.
  • Girl with a Pearl Earring.
  • Here at the small field’s ending pause.
Assonance used in the poem "Fire and Ice":
Examples of assonance appearing in the same line:
  1. Some say the world will end in fire
  2. Some say in ice
  3. From what I’ve tasted of desire
  4. I hold with those who favour fire
An example of assonance appearing across the poem:
 
Some say the world will end in fire
Some say in ice.
From what I’ve tasted of desire
I hold with those who favour fire.
But if it had to perish twice,
I think I know enough of hate
To say that for destruction ice
Is also great
And would suffice.
 
Note: "/ʌɪ/" (ai) sound is repeated at the first or second syllable of the last word in most of the lines.