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Theory:

The fog comes
on little cat feet.
It sits looking
over harbor and city
on silent haunches
and then moves on.
 
~Carl Sandberg
Explanation:
 
The poet compares the fog to a small cat who walks with soft feet. The cat generally has a 'don't-care' attitude. It does not give its attention to the people around it. It acts very aloof to things happening around it, as nothing affects it. The fog also does not pay attention to external circumstances. It exists irrespective of what happens. The cat also does not produce any sound as it moves around the house. It has very soft paws, and with that, they walk around. The fog also does not announce its arrival. It just arrives all of a sudden. It acts impulsively, just like the fog. It lays low and has an attitude similar to the fog as it blinds people's view sometimes. It crouches or tip toes around when one is watching.
 
Screenshot 2022-06-01 013212.png
A cat
 
The fog does not harm any human beings, rather sits in an idle position. It just sits there looking over the harbour and the city. The fog wants to see the urban city from a distance, indicating that Sandberg found the fast-moving world oblivious of what is happening in the world. He wants us to stop and appreciate the world. He makes it appear as though the fog is a cute little person who sits with his legs closed together and watches the city. It, later on, moves on, indicating that the fog never stays in one place for a long time. It moves on, showing that, like the fog, we should move on in life and not hold onto unnecessary things. It sits without making noise. The fog does not make its presence known loud and clear. Sometimes people do not notice it.
 
Screenshot 2022-06-01 013048.png
A foggy place
Reference:
National Council of Educational Research and Training (2006). Beehive. Fog - Carl Sandberg (pp. 115). Published at the Publication Division by the Secretary, National Council of Educational Research and Training, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi.