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Theory:

The fog comes
on little cat feet.
It sits looking
over harbor and city
on silent haunches
and then moves on.
Explanation:
 
Carl Sandberg is a poet who expresses vividly any trivial thing in the World. He wrote in a descriptive manner where he humanised simple attributes of life. In this poem, he talks about fog. This indicates that he talks about simple things but gives prominence to them.
 
What is Fog?
 
Fog is a thick cloud of tiny water droplets suspended in the atmosphere or surface earth, obscuring or restricting visibility. In simple terms, fog is a cloud that touches the ground. It appears like a mist and makes it difficult for a person to see. When the cool air mixes with the warm moist air over the water, the moist air cools until its humidity reaches 100% and fog forms.
 
Chicago being a hot-summer continental has fog most of the time. He uses a very beautiful metaphor to describe the fog that he sees. A fog is a very visual element, and people see it along with experiencing it. Sandberg says that the fog is arriving on little cat feet. This is an extended metaphor because fog does not have feet or other human parts, as it exists as a state. But here, the fog being compared to a cat that slowly walks on its soft feet can have multiple meanings.
Reference:
National Council of Educational Research and Training (2006). Beehive. Fog - Carl Sandberg (pp. 115). Published at the Publication Division by the Secretary, National Council of Educational Research and Training, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi.