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In the English language, each sentence is made of words that are divided into different classes according to their forms and usage in a sentence. These are called parts of speech.
Any sentence will have a combination of some of the following parts. It is divided into eight types:
 
1. Nouns
2. Pronouns
3. Verbs
4. Adverbs
5. Adjectives
6. Prepositions
7. Conjunctions
8. Interjections.
 
Let us take a look at the first three parts - nouns, adjectives, adverbs and verbs in detail.
 
Noun: A noun is a generic name for a person, place or thing in a class or group. Common nouns can be concrete, abstract or collective.
Example:
People: mother, father, baby, child, toddler, teenager, grandmother, student, teacher, minister, businessperson, salesclerk, woman, man
Animals: lion, tiger, bear, dog, cat, alligator, cricket, bird, wolf
Things: table, truck, book, pencil, iPad, computer, coat, boots
Places: city, state, country, continent, coffee shop, restaurant, park, zoo
Ideas: envy, love, hate, respect, patriotism, pride
Important!
To know more about common nouns. Click here.
Adjectives: Adjectives describe the quality/features/quantity of the noun in the sentence. Adjectives give additional information about the noun in the sentence. It can modify the noun to denote quality, to indicate its quantity, order or extent, or can act as a complementing verb (action word).
Example:
1. She had a beautiful dress in her closet.
In this statement, the noun (dress) is described by the adjective (beautiful).
Here, the adjective has been used to define the quality of the dress.
 
2. She had a silky dress in her closet.
In this statement, the noun (dress) is described by the adjective (silky).
Here, the adjective has been used to define the feature of the dress.
Important!
To know more about adjectives. Click here.
Verb: Verbs are words that show an action, occurrence, or state of being. Almost every sentence requires a verb.
Example:
1.. Dance
2. Develop
3. Loved.
Adverb: An adverb is a word used to modify a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
Example:
1. Akash is very tall.
2. The race finished quickly.
3. Fortunately, he recorded the win.
These parts of speech can be modified into the other by adding prefixes or suffixes most of the time or changing the form of the word. For example, the verb astonished can be converted into an adverb astonishingly by adding 'ly' and into an adjective by adding the suffix 'ing' as astonishing.