The Buddha said, ‘‘The life of mortals in this world is troubled and brief and combined with pain. For there is not any means by which those that have been born can avoid dying; after reaching old age there is death; of such a nature are living beings. As ripe fruits are early in danger of falling, so mortals when born are always in danger of death. As all earthen vessels made by the potter end in being broken, so is the life of mortals. Both young and adult, both those who are fools and those who are wise, all fall into the power of death; all are subject to death.
Here, the Buddha delivers his great message to the entire world, not only to Gotami. According to Buddha, everyone's mortal life is troubled and painful. Once you reach old age, there is no way to avoid dying. Death is a part of life.
Living beings are of this nature as ripe fruit is often at risk of falling, so mortals are always in danger of death after birth. All pottery made by the potter eventually breaks, and so does the life of mortals. Both young and old, both those who are foolish and those who are intelligent, all fall under the power of death. All are subject to death.
Gauthama Buddha's words are true. It is the unwritten law of the universe that every living thing born on this earth must die one day.
National Council of Educational Research and Training (2007). The Sermon at Benares - Betty Renshaw (pp. 133-139). Published at the Publication Division by the Secretary, National Council of Educational Research and Training, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi.