Theory:

A phrase is a group of words that are a part of a sentence. It works together to give a meaning, but cannot stand on its own as a complete sentence. It does not have a subject and/or a verb.
1. Walking across the lane
2. On his feet
3. Three cute kittens
4. Of Ramya
These group of words give meaning, but does not have subject and verb together and hence cannot make a complete sentence.
Subject - Person or thing that is being spoken of, or does the action in a sentence.
Verb - The action that is being performed.
Object - Receives the action.
Direct object - What the subject acts upon.
Indirect object - Who receives the action.
Example:
Ram gave him a car.
 
Ram - Subject
Gave - Verb
Him - Indirect object
Car - Direct object
1. Noun Phrase:
A noun is a name, place, thing or animal. A noun phrase is a noun and any word that modifies the noun in the sentence. The modifiers can even be articles, prepositions, adjectives and pronouns. A noun phrase can be a subject, direct/indirect object, or the object of a preposition.
Example:
i. The blue house is mine. - the blue house is the noun phrase. Here the noun phrase is the subject.
2. Verb Phrase:
It has one verb and other words that modify the verb
Example:
i. The teacher put the book in the bag.
Put the book in the bag is a verb phrase. It consists of the verb 'put' and its dependents but not the subject 'The Teacher'.
Meanings of phrases in the poem "Dad and the Cat and the Tree":
S.No
Words
Meaning
1.
Right, just Leave it to meThe kid's father took initiative to rescue an abandoned cat
2.
For goodness Sake don’t fallThe kid's mother was concerned about the tree's fragility and advised her husband not to climb it because she was afraid he might fall
3.
Easy as winking to a climber like meDespite falling twice, the child's father maintained his confidence and devised a new strategy (plan c) to climb up the tree, proclaiming himself to be a great climber once more
4.
Pleased as punch to be safe and soundThe cat was ecstatic and relieved to have safely landed on the ground