Theory:

Narrative poetry is a form of poetry that recounts a narrative by using the voices of a narrator as well as other characters, and it is generally written in metered verse. A narrative story can be short or long, real or imaginary or sometimes complex. A narrative story mostly has a single narrator. The core objective of narrative poetry is to entertain rather than to express the poet's sentiments or thoughts.
Types of Narrative poems:
Narrative poems include epics, ballads, idylls, and Lyric poetry.
 
1. Epic poetry: An epic poem is a long narrative poem about heroic acts and events in the poet's culture. Epic poetry was used by many ancient poets to describe stories of heroic deeds and dramatic experiences. Epic poetry has produced some of the most well-known literary masterpieces in the world. The ancient Indian Mahabharata and Ramayana were famous Epic Poetries.
 
2. Ballad poetry: A ballad is a literary or musical style of narrative poetry. A ballad is a narrative poetry composed of four-line stanzas. The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor Coleridge is one of the greatest examples of a ballad. John Milton's 'Lycidas,' and William Blake's 'The Shepherd,' were some of the ballad poetry examples.
 
3. Idyll: This is a poetic form that deals with pastoral settings. Tennyson's "Idylls of the King" is a good example of 'Idyll' type poetry.
 
4. Lyric poetry: A lyric poetry, often known as a lyrical poem, is a poem in which the poet expresses his or her thoughts and sentiments. The poet may depict a character in the first person to communicate his feelings in this style of poetry. Sonnet 18 by William Shakespeare is a good example of lyric poetry.
Check out some of the narrative poems below:
  1. "The Iliad" by Homer
  2. "Idylls of the king" by Alfred Lord Tennyson
  3. “The Charge of the Light Brigade” by Alfred Lord Tennyson
  4. "Ballad of the Harp Heaver" by Edna St. Vincent Millay
  5. "The Raven" by Edgar Allan Poe
  6. "Bluesman" by Michael O'Neill
  7. "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner" by B Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  8. "The Faerie Queene" by Edmund Spenser
  9. "The Eve of St. Agnes" by John Keats
  10. "Paul Revere's Ride" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
Aspects of a narrative poem:
The narrator describes the events of the story in detail in narrative poems. Usually, a narrative poem involves plot, setting, characters, problem, action, and solution.
Edgar Allan Poe's poem "The Raven" is a narrative poem about a raven. The first two stanzas of the poem are as follows:
Example:
Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary,
Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore—
While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,
As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door—
"'Tis some visitor," I muttered, "tapping at my chamber door—
Only this and nothing more."
 
Ah, distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December;
And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor.
Eagerly I wished the morrow;—vainly I had sought to borrow
From my books surcease of sorrow—sorrow for the lost Lenore—
For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore—
Nameless here for evermore.
Let's look at the poem "Dad and the Cat and the Tree" for the above-mentioned aspects of narrative poetry:
 
Plot: A cat was stuck on a tree and the kid's father would take steps to rescue the cat. Finally, the cat would be saved but he would be caught in the cat's place.

Setting: It was a morning time when the cat got stuck on a tree and the place the incident took place was a backyard.

Characters: The kid, kid's father, kid's mother and the cat.

Problem: The cat was stuck on a tree.

Action: The kid's father carry out Plan a, b, and c to rescue the cat.

Solution: The cat would safely land the ground at last.