Theory:

     Golu sat down, with his nose wrapped up in a big banana leaf and hung it in the great, grassy Limpopo river to cool.
 
     Golu sat there for two days waiting for his nose to cool and to shrink. It grew cool but it didn’t shrink.
 
     At the end of the second day, a fly came and stung Golu on the shoulder. Golu lifted his long nose (trunk) and with it hit the fly dead.
 
     “Advantage number one,” hissed the python. “You couldn’t have done it with a small nose. Try and eat a little now.”
Explanation:
 
Golu sat down and covered his nose in a large banana leaf, which he hung in the cold, Limpopo river. Golu waited for his nose to cool and shrink for over two days. It became cooler, but not smaller. The trunk of Golu remained unchanged.
 
Golu- trying to shrink his nose.jpg
Golu- trying to shrink his nose
 
Toward the end of the second day, a fly landed on Golu's shoulder and stung him. Golu lifted his long nose (trunk) and killed the fly by hitting it with his trunk. The python quickly pointed out that Golu couldn't have done it without his trunk. As a result, the python claims that Golu's long snout was an advantage. According to the python, this was the first advantage. The python then instructed Golu to eat using his trunk.
 
Meaning of difficult words:
 
S.No
Words
Meaning
1.
WrapTo cover something using paper or fabric
2.
Shrink To make something smaller
3.
StingTo prick the skin of a person or an animal
4.
HissTo make a sound like a long 's'
Reference:
National Council of Educational Research and Training (2007). Supplementary. Golu Grows a Nose – Rudyard Kipling (pp.30-34). Published at the Publication Division by the Secretary, National Council of Educational Research and Training, Sri Aurobindo Marg, New Delhi.