A phrase is a combination of two or more words. A phrase which contains "a verb + a preposition/adverb", and forms a meaning which is different when the words are read separately, is called a phrasal verb.
1. Break is a verb. It means to separate into pieces.
When prepositions (in, with, down) are added to it, the meaning changes.
|Break||in||Break in||Forcibly enter.|
|Break||with||Break with||Quarrel with.|
2. Turn is a verb. It means to move around a fixed point.
When prepositions (in, up, down) are added to it, the meaning changes.
|Turn||in||Turn in||Take someone to police, hand over.|
|Turn||up||Turn up||Arrive unexpectedly.|
|Turn||down||Turn down||Reject or refuse.|
Phrasal verbs from the lesson "Kathmandu":
|Breaks out||A fight breaks out between two monkeys.||To begin something undesirable (such as war or fighting) suddenly.|
|Breaks off||Sometimes he breaks off playing to talk to the fruit seller.||To abruptly stop talking.|
|Tear away||I find it difficult to tear myself away from the square.||Leave despite a strong desire to stay|
|Drawn into||Yet to hear any flute is to be drawn into the commonality of all mankind||To involve somebody or make somebody take part in something, although they may not want to take part at first|
|Go on||It too needs to pause and breathe before it can go on.||To continue or persevere.|
All this I wash down with Coca Cola
|To accompany or follow food with a drink|
|Shout out||He does not shout out his wares.||To say something in a loud voice so that it can be clearly heard|