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Theory:

Meanings of difficult words from the lesson "The Beggar":
 
S.No
Words
Meanings
1
PityThe feeling of sorrow and compassion caused by the suffering and misfortunes of others
2
Attention To make someone notice you
3
Copecks A monetary unit of Russia and some other countries of the former Soviet Union, equal to one-hundredth of a rouble
4
LodgingA room in someone's house that you pay money to live in
   5Swear To utter or take solemnly (an oath)
6
IntrigueMake secret plans to do something illicit or detrimental to someone
7
CalumnyThe act of making a statement about someone that is not true and is intended to damage the reputation of that person
8
Victim To be hurt, damaged, or killed because of something or someone
9
AdvocateA lawyer who defends someone in a law court
10
RaggedOf a person untidy, dirty, and wearing old, torn clothes
11
FawnA light brown colour
12
SuppliantA person making a humble or earnest plea to someone in power or authority
13
Drunken Under the influence of alcohol, or a situation in which a lot of alcohol has been drunk
14
Province A principal administrative division of a country or empire
15
Mendicant Given to begging
16
ObligeMake someone legally or morally bound to do something
17
Ashamed Feeling guilty or embarrassed about something you have done or about quality in your character
18
ExpelOfficially make someone leave a school or other organisation
19
Mumble Say something indistinctly and quietly, making it difficult for others to hear
20
Flush A reddening of the face, or skin typically caused by illness or strong emotion like anger
21
Disgust
A strong feeling of disapproval and dislike at a situation, person's behaviour
22
Swindle To get money dishonestly from someone by deceiving or cheating them
23
Wood-cutterSomeone whose job is to cut down trees and branches for wood
24
Chop Cut something into pieces with repeated sharp blows of an axe or knife
25
Scarecrow An object made to resemble a human figure, set up to scare birds away from a field where crops are growing; a person who is very badly dressed, odd-looking, or thin
26
Irresolutely Showing or feeling hesitancy; uncertain
27
PerplexA state of confusion or a complicated situation or thing
28
Consent
Permit something to happen
29
Inclination
A feeling that you want to do a particular thing, or the fact that you prefer or are more likely to do a particular thing
30
ToilWork extremely hard or incessantly
31
Vodka A clear, strong alcoholic drink made especially from grain or potatoes
32
Gait A person's manner of walking
33
WrathfulFull of or characterised by intense anger
34
FistA person's hand when the fingers are bent in towards the palm and held there tightly, typically in order to strike a blow or grasp something
35
CompanionA person or animal with whom one spends a lot of time or with whom one travels
36
Feeble In a way that lacks strength or force
37
Ashamed Embarrassed or guilty because of one's actions, characteristics, or associations
38
MattressA fabric case filled with soft, firm, or springy material, used for sleeping on
39
TrouserAn outer garment covering the body from the waist to the ankles, with a separate part for each leg
40
Embarrassed Feeling or showing embarrassment
41
CarterA strong open vehicle with two or four wheels, typically used for carrying loads and pulled by a horse
42
WagonA vehicle used for transporting goods or another specified purpose
43
Waif A homeless, neglected, or abandoned person, especially a child
44
GloomyDark or poorly lit, especially so as to appear depressing or frightening
45
SoberNot affected by alcohol; not drunk
46
Objection An expression or feeling of disapproval or opposition; a reason for disagreeing
47
PartingThe action of leaving or being separated from someone
48
SealskinThe skin or prepared fur of a seal, especially when made into a garment
49
Notary A person authorized to perform certain legal formalities, especially to draw up or certify contracts, deeds, and other documents for use in other jurisdictions
50
Roasting A severe criticism or reprimand
51
Misery A state or feeling of great physical or mental distress or discomfort
52
RuinTo spoil or destroy something completely
53
Bowed Bent over
54
Indebted Owing money
55
RoubleThe standard unit of money used in Belarus, Russia, and Tajikistan
56
OvershoeA shoe worn over a normal shoe, typically made either of rubber to protect the normal shoe or of felt to protect a floor surface
57
PseudoSomeone or something which is not real or true