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Theory:

A phrase is a group of words together as a single unit, as part of a clause or a sentence.
Example:

1As soon as you got in, he went out.

("As soon as" is a conjunctional phrase.)

 

2Popcorn popping, the dog was ready for the film.

Popcorn popping” modifies the clause “the dog was ready for the film.”

Noun Phrase: A noun phrase consists of a noun and all its modifiers.
Example:

1I am tired.

(Often a noun phrase is just a noun or a pronoun)

 

2The Nizam's house was brightly decorated for the holidays.

("The Nizam's house" noun phrase as a subject.)

Verb phrase: A verb phrase is the part of a sentence that contains both the verb as a direct or indirect object. They serve as a link between the subject of the verb and information about that subject. A verb phrase can be the predicate of a sentence or a clause. In this case, there will usually be a helping verb in addition to the verb.
Example:

1Shalini was walking quickly to the office.

2Dhanush should wait before going swimming.

3To make apple pie, you first need an apple.

4Open the door to let the fresh air in.

Prepositional Phrase: A prepositional phrase is a group of words that consists of a preposition, its object which will be a noun or a pronoun, and any words that modify the object.
Example:

1Our basketball team won against all the odds.

2The lion crept over the grass.

3My shopping list needs to be put into my handbag.

4. Put the fresh flowers on a high shelf.

Phrases used in the lesson "The Attic":
1. an intelligent boy
2. a costly pen
3. an interesting story