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Theory:

The subject and verb of a sentence should agree with each other. A verb agrees with the subject in number and person. A singular subject takes a singular verb, and a plural subject takes a plural verb.
For the singular verb in a sentence
Example:
1. She is a good speaker
2. Ramu is an intelligent student.
3. Subhasini is an excellent dancer.
4. Sunita is a great artist.
5. He is a good person.
For the plural verb in a sentence
Example:
1. Children are playing.
2. They have finished their work.
3. Geeta and Sita have won the prize.
4. You and I are friends.
5. Two and two make four.
Rules:
 
1.Two or more singular subjects joined by “and” take a plural verb.
Example:
You and I love music.
2. When two subjects are joined by “as well as”, the verb agrees with the first subject.
Example:
Her cousins as well as she is hardworking.
3.Either, neither, each, every and everyone are followed by a singular verb.
Example:
Each of them is lovable.
4. When two singular nouns refer to the same person or thing, the verb must be singular.
Example:
My sister and friend has come.
5. When two subjects express one idea, the verb is in the singular
Example:
Three and three make six.
6. When a plural noun expresses some specific quantity or amount considered as a whole, the verb is in the singular.
Example:
Thirty litres of milk is too much for payasam.
7. When two or more singular subjects are connected by “with”, “together with”, “and not”, “besides”, “no less than”, the verb is in the singular.
Example:
He and not she is to blame.
8. The verb agrees with the number of the nouns that follow the verb.
Example:
There are ten students in the crowd.
9. Some nouns that are plural in form but singular in meaning, take a singular verb.
Example:
Tamil is my mother tongue.
10. A plural noun which is in the name of a country, province, a book, is followed by a singular verb. 
Example:
Human values are of great importance.
11. A collective noun takes a singular verb.
Example:
The whole class is attentive.
12. A relative pronoun must agree with its gender, number and person.
Example:
It is I, who is to write.
Some of the subject-verb agreement used in the lesson "The Last lesson":
1. The birds are chirping at the edge of the woods.
2. The order has come from Berlin to teach only German in the schools of Alsace and Lorraine.
3. “Vive la France!” is an expression used  in French to show patriotism.