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Theory:

     The trembling mother’s voice was full of unselfish love as she gave her last injunction. “Let not thine eyes be blinded, my son.” She said. “The mountain road is full of dangers. LOOK carefully and follow the path which holds the piles of twigs. They will guide you to the familiar path farther down”. The son’s surprised eyes looked back over the path, then at the poor old, shriveled hands all scratched and soiled by their work of love. His heart broke within and bowing to the ground, he cried aloud: “Oh, honorable mother, your kindness breaks my heart! I will not leave you. Together we will follow the path of twigs, and together we will die!”

Explanation:

 

When the farmer bid his farewell to his mother, she gave him one last piece of advice for her son in a trembling voice. Her selfless affection had reflected in her helpful suggestions. After all, mothers are all the same, and they consider their children's well-being in the face of any difficulty. Despite being on her deathbed, the farmer's mother, like any other mother, was concerned about her son's safety. The elderly mother warned her son about walking around in the mountains since it would be dangerous.

 

She told him so because she was concerned that her son would lose his way and become stuck in one of the places, fall into one of the mountain pits, or be captured by any wild creatures. For this reason, his mother advised him to be cautious on his way home and to follow the twigs she had dropped on the way to the summit. She told him that the twigs would be quite useful in guiding him back to the familiar road.

 

When the farmer looked back at the path after listening to his mother, he was surprised to see the twigs. He next noticed his mother's hands, which were scratched and stained from the twigs she had gathered and handled.

 

His mother's affection affected him deeply. "Oh, honourable mother, your kindness breaks my heart!" he screamed out loudly. "I will not leave you. Together, we will follow the path of twigs, and together we will die!". The poor farmer's screams and sobs expressed his love for his mother. He didn't want to abandon his mother, despite the fact that he knew it would mean his mother's death.

 

Meaning of difficult words:

  

S. No.
Words
Meaning
1.
TrembleTo shake or shiver
2.
Shrivel To contract or wrinkle
Reference:
State Council of Educational Research and Training (2018). English Standard-10. The Aged Mother - Matsuo Basho (pp. 120-122). Published by the Tamil Nadu Textbook and Educational Services Corporation.