Describing words are words used to describe or explain the nature/feature/quality of another word. In English grammar, such words are called adjectives.
1. My garden has a "beautiful" roses.
In the above sentence, "beautiful" is a word that describes "roses". It tells the feature of the roses.
2. My "new" watch broke yesterday.
In the above sentence, "new" is a word that describes the "watch".
3. Priya is a "wonderful" dancer.
In the above sentence, "wonderful" is a word that describes the quality of "dancer".
In the poem "Trees", the poet has used many describing words. They are:
What is described
|Small||Neem tree's fruits|
|Pleasant||Shade of tamarind tree|
|Sharp||Leaves of dates tree|
|Useful||Wood of teak tree|
|Good||Fruits of mango tree|