Theory:

Road safety rules are the methods or preventive measures used to protect road users from minor injuries or major accidents. Road safety rules are commonly used for pedestrians, cyclists, motorists, vehicle passengers, horse riders, and passengers of on-road public transport, mainly buses and trams.
Why is it necessary to follow Road safety rules?
Road safety rules are very important as traffic accidents are still a big public health issue. When road safety devices are used properly and effectively, they can help save lives, avoid accidents and injuries, and keep a community running smoothly.
What are the simple actions on the road to keep you safe?
  • Walk with caution and common sense.
  • Take a look in the direction of oncoming traffic.
  • When you are about to cross the lane, never believe the driver to see you; it is your duty to save yourself.
  • Crossing a road where drivers will not be able to see you is not a good idea.
  • Always hold the hands of children while crossing the road.
  • Avoid crossing road between parked cars.
  • Look at your right, left and right again and ensure that no vehicle is approaching, then walk across the road.
What do you mean by traffic rules?
Traffic rules are the rules given by traffic police for the protection of human beings or for safe driving, which can prevent accidents. It is important to follow the traffic rules. All citizen and drivers should follow traffic rules. Traffic rules are symbolised by different forms. Not only the drivers but also the citizens need to follow the traffic rules.
Example:
shutterstock_1304716087.jpg
What are the three colours of traffic light, and what does it mean?
There are three colours of traffic lights. They are Red, Green, and Yellow.
  • Red light indicates where the drivers need to stop.
  • Green light indicates the driver can start driving or keep driving.
  • Yellow light indicates the drivers to stop when it is safe to, because the light is about to turn red.
Example:
shutterstock_160250585.jpg
What are the different types of crossing for pedestrians?
The different types of pedestrian crossings are,
 
Zebra Crossing: An area of road painted with broad white stripes, where vehicles must stop if pedestrians wish to cross.
 
cross-37891_1280.png
 
Pelican Crossing: A specified part of a road where pedestrians have right of way to cross.
 
shutterstock_56776933 (1).jpg
 
Puffin Crossing: Pedestrians push a button when they want to cross the road and wait for the green man to appear on the board. Once the green man illuminates, it’s safe for pedestrians to cross. The traffic lights will stay red for vehicles until pedestrians have fully crossed.
  
shutterstock_1811076 (1).jpg
 
Toucan Crossing: A toucan crossing means “two can” cross – both pedestrians and cyclists are allowed to use the crossing to get from one side of the road to the other.
 
shutterstock_1775855513.jpg
 
Pegasus Crossing: A Pegasus crossing is a type of signalised pedestrian crossing, with special consideration for horse riders. This type of crossing is named after the mythical winged horse, Pegasus.
 
shutterstock_94613410.jpg
 
Do's and Don'ts on the road:
 
  Do's
Don'ts
Cross the road after looking at both the sidesDon't run on the streets and roads
Read and follow road safety rulesDon't cross the road without looking at traffic signals
While walking, we should walk on pavementsDon't walk in the middle of the road
Cross the road only at Zebra crossingDon't cross the road while vehicles are moving
 
shutterstock_256268164.jpg
Do's and Don'ts on the road