A phrase is a combination of two or more words. A phrase which contains "a verb + a preposition/adverb", and forms a meaning which is different when the words are read separately, is called a phrasal verb.
1. Break is a verb. It means to separate into pieces.
When prepositions (in, with, down) are added to it, the meaning changes.
|Break||in||Break in||Forcibly enter.|
|Break||with||Break with||Quarrel with.|
2. Turn is a verb. It means to move around a fixed point.
When prepositions (in, up, down) are added to it, the meaning changes.
|Turn||in||Turn in||Take someone to police, hand over.|
|Turn||up||Turn up||Arrive unexpectedly.|
|Turn||down||Turn down||Reject or refuse.|
Phrasal verbs used in the lesson "Sir Isaac Newton - An Ingenious Scientist":
|Set up||"In due time, Isaac would set up for himself, and would manufacture curious clocks."||The way in which something, is organized or arranged.|
|Searching out||"He was continually searching out the secrets of philosophy."||To find something by careful examination/observation.|
|Move about||"But then it would not have been able to move about."||To move from place to place.|
|Looked up||"He looked up with reverential curiosity at the stars."||See with respect and admiration.|
|Look out||"I must look out for one".||Be vigilant and take notice.|
"He had searched out all the laws, by which the planets were guided through the sky".
|To show the way/direct something/somebody.|
"All the other famous inventions that have come into use since his day".
|Begin to be practised.|