Theory:

Meanings of difficult words from the lesson "Sir Isaac Newton - The Ingenious Scientist":
 
No.
Words
Meanings
1
destinedpreordained, bound
2
remarkableworthy of attention; striking
3
ingenuitythe quality of being clever, original, and inventive
4
contriveddeliberately created rather than arising naturally
5
wearyfeeling or showing extreme tiredness
6
capitalexcellent
7
apprenticeemploy (someone) as a trainee to a skilled employer
8
facultyan inherent mental or physical power
9
galevery strong wind
10
tempestviolent windy storm
11
whirledmoved rapidly round and round
12
draughta current of cool air in a room or other confined space
13
bellowsa device with an air bag that emits a stream of air when squeezed together
14
hoppersfunnel shaped bins for feeding grains into mills
15
enchantedcharmed, filled with delight
16
reverential
with a deep respect to
17
presentimentan intuitive feeling about the future
18
quadrupedfour-legged animal
19
scholara specialist in a specific branch of study 
20
accustomedusual, habitual 
21
loftygreat height, tall 
22
renownedfamous, known or talked about 
23
knighta man awarded a non-hereditary title in recognition of merit and entitled to use the honorific ‘Sir’ in front of his name
24
knighthood
the title, rank, or status of a knight
25
earnestlywith sincere and intense conviction
26
endurableable to be endured; bearable
27
contrivancea clever device or object that has been invented for a particular purpose
28
ceasedstopped
29
trifle
a thing of little value or importance