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Let us consider a square \(ABCD\) with sides of length \(a\) units.

Since the length and breadth of the square are equal. Then, the area of the square \(ABCD\) is given by:

Area of the square \(=\) Product of side and side

\(A=a \times a\) \(sq. \ units\)

Therefore, the area of the square is \(a \times a \ sq. units\).

Example:

Let the side of a square be \(8 \ cm\). Find the area of the square.

**Solution**:

Side of a square, \(a=8 \ cm\).

Area of the square \(=\) Product of side and side

Area, \(A=a \times a \ sq. units\)

Substituting the known values in the formula, we have:

\(A=8 \times 8 \ sq. cm\)

\(A=64 \ sq. cm\)

Thus, the area of the square is \(64\) \(sq. \ cm\).