When multiplying or dividing a monomial by a number, the coefficient of a given monomial is multiplied or divided, but the variable factors remain the same.
1) Multiply the monomial \(2a\) by \(8\)
(\(2\) oranges times \(8\) is \(16\) oranges)
2) Divide the monomial \(14b\) by \(7\)
(if \(14\) bananas are divided equally between \(7\) people, each person will have \(2\) bananas)
3) Divide the monomial c by \(10\)
(\(1\) lemon divided by \(10\) is \(1\) tenth of a lemon)