Plants mostly can be classified into three categories based on the nature of the stem and growth habits:
- Shrubs, and
What are Herbs?
Small plants with soft, tender (stems that easily bend), slender, and green stems are known as Herbs.
- Herbs are short plants which do not have woody stems.
- They do not have many branches.
- They have a short life span and lives for mostly one to two seasons.
Tomatoes, radish, ginger, turnip, parsley, sunflower, ginger are examples of herbs.
What are Shrubs?
Medium-sized plants which have branches near the base of the stem are known as Shrubs.
- The stem of a shrub is hard rather than being thick.
- They are bigger or taller than the herbs.
- Have a life span more than that of the herbs.
Tulasi, lemon, croton, jasmine, bougainvillaea are examples of shrubs plants.
What are Trees?
Plants that are tall, big, and which have a thick, hard stems are known as Trees.
- They have a trunk (main stem) that has branches and leaves that arise from it.
- They have a large life span.
Mango, banyan, neem, oak, palm, and coconut are examples of trees.