Theory:

The proverb "Health is wealth" is a true statement. The most important aspect of our lives is our health. It can be challenging to face the new day and enjoy the new sun if you are not in good health.
 
A healthy body is defined as the body's overall ability to function correctly. It includes all individuals' physical, mental, emotional, and social health.
 
When a person maintains good health, they unlock the door to happiness. Maintaining health depends on various factors such as drinking water regularly, exercising, eating healthy foods, sleeping on time, etc.
A healthy personcan make an infinite number of plans at the start of each new day. A person suffering from a medical condition, on the other hand, may have few or no plans for the new day. So, in order to live a happy life, one must first take care of one's health. In this chapter, we will discuss humans health and the diseases which affects the health.
  • Understand the different types of abuse and the associated behavioural changes.
  • Learn about child sexual abuse prevention and protection.
  • Understand the causes of a drug, tobacco, and alcohol addiction and the consequences for one's health.
  • Analyse the various methods of de-addiction.
  • Learn about the diseases and disorders linked to lifestyle changes.
  • Compare and contrast the characteristics of Type \(1\) and Type \(2\) diabetes mellitus and the signs and symptoms.
  • Explain the root causes and symptoms of obesity, heart disease, cancer, and AIDS.
  • Suggestions for prevention and control of these diseases and disorders 
  • To create awareness among individuals in society about the importance of living a healthy lifestyle.
Health:
For a long time, health was described as a state of body and mind in which specific 'humour' was balanced.
 
The World Health Organisation (WHO) defined health as follows:
Health is defined as the overall state of physical, mental, and social well-being rather than simply the absence of diseases or infirmities.
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Healthy people carrying different icons related to health
A disease-free individual is referred to as a healthy person.
The people of today's modern world are not leading healthier life due to their lifestyle.
 
Risk factors for sickness and premature mortality:
  • Smoking cigarettes
  • Drinking too much alcohol
  • Using drugs
  • Eating high fat
  • Cholesterol-rich diets
  • Overeating junk food
  • Not getting enough exercise
These are all risk factors causing sickness and premature mortality.
 
As a result of this, countries worldwide are paying more attention to behaviour in health. Individual health habits and behaviour impact the development of chronic and fatal diseases like diabetes, obesity, heart disease, cancer, and AIDS.
 
Adopting behaviours that promote wellness and safeguard their health, such as eating a good diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding drugs, alcohol, and smoking can help prevent the development of these disorders.
 
health illustrtion.jpg
Illustration of health
Reference:
https://www.freepik.com/free-vector/healthy-people-carrying-different-icons_3585182.htm
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Guide_to_Healthy_Eating_2013.jpg
https://www.flickr.com/photos/maveric2003/26737449
https://publicdomainvectors.org/en/free-clipart/Dont-drink-alcohol/66003.html