PUMPA - THE SMART LEARNING APP

AI system creates personalised training plan based on your mistakes

### Theory:

So many changes happen in our day-to-day lives, changing wide range of things around.
Example:
Day turns to night, growing crops in the agricultural field, falling leaves from trees, blooming of flowers, etc.
Plant growth

Some of these changes in the human body may occur in a minute or even in a year, and also they can be unnoticeable.
Example:
The growth of nails, hair, ageing, increasing height and weight, etc.
Ageing

Change is constant. A process in which a substance becomes a different one from what it was earlier. It is the difference between the initial and the final state of any substance. The difference in the size or shape of an object is termed as a 'change'.
Burning of a candle wick

Physical and chemical change

The changes around us can be classified into two main types: Reversible change and irreversible change.
Reversible change: The changes that can be reversed to form their original shape and size are reversible changes.
Example:
The stretching of a rubber band, freezing water, melting of ice, inflation of a balloon, and folding of paper, etc.
1. A balloon is blown in such a way that it does not burst. There is a change in the shape and size of the balloon on blowing air into it. Now, when the air is made to escape the balloon, it turns to its original shape and size.

Inflated and deflated balloon

2. A toy ship is made by folding a sheet of paper. When unfolded, it comes to its original shape as before.
Paper plane

3. The dough is made into a ball and rolled it out into a roti. If its shape is not good, it can be changed back into a ball of dough.
Dough

In all the above examples, the substances are reversed back into their original form.
Physical change: In the physical transformation, only the physical properties such as colour, structure, size are changed. No new substances are formed, and they are reversible in nature.
Melting of ice cubes
Example:
The glass is filled with $$100g$$ of ice cubes. When ice is melted, it gives $$100g$$ of water. Here, physical change takes place with a change in state. We call it as a physical change because we can again bring water to the ice form by freezing it.