Disease: Genital Herpes
Causative organism: Herpes Simplex Virus
Herpes simplex virus

Mode of transmission: Sexual contact entry through mucous membrane of genital region.

Tissue/Organ affected: Genital organs of male and female individuals.
Stages of Genital Herpes

Symptoms: Painful blisters in mouth, lips, face and genital region.
Symptoms of Genital Herpes
Treatment: Genital Herpes can be treated with an antiviral drug such as Acyclovir and Valacyclovir.
Disease: Genital Warts
Causative organism: Human Papilloma virus
Human Papilloma Virus
Mode of transmission: Through sexual contact (skin to skin)

Tissue/Organ affected: Genital areas of male and female individuals.
Infection by Human Papilloma virus

  • Vaginal discharge
  • Itching
  • Bleeding
  • Burning
Treatment: The type of treatment is completely based on the size of the warts and where the warts are.
Treatments include:
  • Applying a cream (Imiquimod, Podophyllin and podofilox) or chemicals (Trichloroacetic acid) on warts.
  • Destroying warts by freezing, heating or removing them.
Note:Cryosurgery involves extreme cold to destroyabnormal tissues, such as tumours found in internal and external organs.
Hepatitis -B or Serum Hepatitis
Hepatitis B is a disease that creates serious liver infections caused by the Enterovirus. This virus causes acute inflammation of the liver by damaging liver cells.
Enteroviruses are nothing but are most commonly spread through an infected person’s secretions such as saliva, sputum, faeces, sweat, tears, breast milk and blood.
Causative Organism: Hepatitis B virus.
Hepatitis B virus

Mode of transmission:
  • Through infected mother to their babies
  • Through sexual contact
  • Contact with infected person’s secretions such as saliva, sweat, tears, breast milk and blood.
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Yellowness of eyes and skin
  • Light coloured stools
  • Itching of skin
  • Headache and joint pain
  • Hepatitis B also causes Liver cirrhosis, a condition when there is severescarring of liver resulting in its poor functioning. This type of condition generally occurs at the late stages of chronic liver disease.
Symptoms of Hepatitis B virus
Prevention and Control:
• Screening of blood donors before blood donation can prevent transmission.
• Injection of drugs to be prevented.
• Having safe and protected sex.
• Sharing of razors should be avoided
• The vaccine of hepatitis B (HepB) provides excellent protection against HBV (Hepatitis -B virus). The vaccine is safe and highly effective.