Disease: Genital Herpes
Causative organism: Herpes Simplex Virus
Herpes simplex virus
Mode of transmission: Sexual contact entry through mucous membrane of genital region.
Tissue/Organ affected: Genital organs of male and female individuals.
Stages of Genital Herpes
Symptoms: Painful blisters in mouth, lips, face and genital region.
Symptoms of Genital Herpes
Treatment: Genital Herpes can be treated with an antiviral drug such as Acyclovir and Valacyclovir.
Disease: Genital Warts
Causative organism: Human Papilloma virus
Human Papilloma Virus
Mode of transmission: Through sexual contact (skin to skin)
Tissue/Organ affected: Genital areas of male and female individuals.
Infection by Human Papilloma virus
- Vaginal discharge
Treatment: The type of treatment is completely based on the size of the warts and where the warts are.
- Applying a cream (Imiquimod, Podophyllin and podofilox) or chemicals (Trichloroacetic acid) on warts.
- Destroying warts by freezing, heating or removing them.
Note:Cryosurgery involves extreme cold to destroyabnormal tissues, such as tumours found in internal and external organs.
Hepatitis -B or Serum Hepatitis
Hepatitis B is a disease that creates serious liver infections caused by the Enterovirus. This virus causes acute inflammation of the liver by damaging liver cells.
Causative Organism: Hepatitis B virus.
Enteroviruses are nothing but are most commonly spread through an infected person’s secretions such as saliva, sputum, faeces, sweat, tears, breast milk and blood.
Hepatitis B virus
Mode of transmission:
- Through infected mother to their babies
- Through sexual contact
- Contact with infected person’s secretions such as saliva, sweat, tears, breast milk and blood.
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea and vomiting
- Yellowness of eyes and skin
- Light coloured stools
- Itching of skin
- Headache and joint pain
- Hepatitis B also causes Liver cirrhosis, a condition when there is severescarring of liver resulting in its poor functioning. This type of condition generally occurs at the late stages of chronic liver disease.
Symptoms of Hepatitis B virus
Prevention and Control:
• Screening of blood donors before blood donation can prevent transmission.
• Injection of drugs to be prevented.
• Having safe and protected sex.
• Sharing of razors should be avoided
• The vaccine of hepatitis B (HepB) provides excellent protection against HBV (Hepatitis -B virus). The vaccine is safe and highly effective.