The Preaching’s of Buddha – Panchashila
- After attaining the state of enlightenment, Buddha began to spread the knowledge of the truth that he had acquired from his meditation among the people of all classes.
- To enrich and evolve themselves with wisdom and values, he undertook many journeys to proliferate the ideals of Buddhism among society.
- Buddha emphasized five principles that are basically to be followed by the monks who adopt Buddhism. They are also known as “Panchashila”.
- Respect for life / Non-killing of creatures.
- Do not indulge in theft.
- Abstention from sexual misconduct.
- Do not lie.
- Should not consume intoxicants.
- Also, Buddha spread the truths that he acquired to enlighten people who survived under the veil of ignorance.
- These tenets of Buddha later came to be known as the Noble truths, as they are universally appealing among the masses.
The Eight-Fold path of Buddha:
- Buddha firmly believed that the desire of humans was the ultimate cause of their sufferings and regrets. So to root out the sufferings of one’s life, one should be able to exert control over the desires.
- The teachings of Buddha were arranged in languages that are used by the common people so that they can reach the roots of the society. This nature of Buddhist teachings took the religion closer to the people of lower strata.
- Buddha advocated Eight truths that spoke about Conduct, Knowledge and meditation. He also called for the rejection of sacrifices and rituals.
THE EIGHT-FOLD PATH
2. Right Speech
3. Right View
4. Right Knowledge
5. Right Action
6. Right Effort
7. Right Livelihood
8. Right Meditation
BUDDHIST WHEEL OF LIFE: Also known as the “Bhava chakra” represents the cycle of birth and re-birth of life, in terms of Buddhist teachings.
The Buddhist Teachings
- The teachings of Buddha are known as “Dhamma” or Noble truths.
- Buddha strongly believed in the “Laws of the Universe”, and he neither accepted nor denied the concept of god.
- Buddha asserted that attaining Nirvana is the ultimate zeal of his life.
The Wheel of Dhamma
- He believed in the “Concept of Karma”, where one’s life depends on the deeds they had performed in the past.
- He out-rightly rejected the practice of sacrifices, performing rituals and the Varna based caste system.
- Non – violence or Ahimsa was the path advocated by Buddha in his teachings.