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National Flag:
 
Indian National Flag is a horizontal tricolor with equal proportions of Indian saffron at the top, white in the mid, and Indian green at the bottom. The width to length ratio of the flag is \(2 : 3\). The chakra is a navy-blue wheel in the white band's center.
 
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Colour
Indicates
Saffron
Strength and courage of the country
WhitePeace and truth with Dharma Chakra
GreenShows the fertility, growth and auspiciousness of the land
 
The flag's design is based on the wheel found on the abacus of Ashoka's Sarnath Lion Capital. The wheel's diameter is almost the same as the white band's breadth, and it has \(24\) spokes. On July \(22\)nd, \(1947\), the Constituent Assembly of India adopted the design for the National Flag.
 
First National flag:
  • Pingali Venkayya of Andhra Pradesh designed the national flag.
  • The first Indian flag was made in Gudiyatham, Tamilnadu's Vellore district.
  • Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru raised this flag at Red Fort on August \(15, 1947\).
  • This flag is now on display in Chennai's St. George's Fort Museum.