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The architectural magnificence of the Pallava period is well-known. Pallava architecture is exemplified by the Shore Temple and other granite monolithic temples and the Varaha cave \(\text{7th century}\) near Mamallapuram.
 
Mamallapuram was inscribed to the UNESCO World Heritage List in \(1984\).
Pallava architecture can be divided into following categories
 
1. Mahendravarman style rock-cut temples 
 
2. Mamallan style monolithic rathas and sculptural mandapas 
 
3. Rajasimhan style and Nandivarman style structural temples
MahendraVarma style
Mahendra's Design Cave temples in Mandagapattu, Mahendravadi, Mamandur, Dalavanur, Tiruchirapalli, Vallam, Tirukazhukkundram, and Siyamangalam are the best examples of MahendraVarma style structures.
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7th century Mandagapattu Trimurti Hindu temple
 
Mamalla Style
 
The five rathas (chariots), also known as Panchapandavar rathas, represent five major temple construction styles. Each ratha is carved from a single piece of rock.
 
As a result, they are guided to as monolithic. They erected the Mahishasuramardhini mandapam, Thirumoorthi mandapam, and Varaha mandapam, all popular mandapams (pillared pavilions).
 
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Varaha Cave Temple is a rock-cut cave temple located at Mamallapuram
 
The open art gallery is the essential feature of Mamalla architecture. Several miniature sculptures on the wall of a massive rock, including a figure of a lice-picking monkey, elephants of enormous size, and an austere cat, have been sculpted brilliantly.
 
Among these are the descent of the River Ganga from Lord Siva's head and Arjuna's penance. The Great Penance panel is the most significant open-air bas relief globally.
 
Rajasimha Style
 
Narasimhavarma II, also known as Rajasimha, built temples with stone blocks as structural elements. Kailasanatha temple at Kanchipuram is the best example of a structural temple.
 
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Kailasanathar Temple, Kanchipuram, South India
 
Sandstones were used to construct this temple. Rajasimheswaram is the name of the Kailasanatha temple.
 
Nandivarma Style
 
The Pallava architecture reached its pinnacle with the construction of structural temples by the later Pallavas. Vaikunda Perumal temple at Kanchipuram is the best example.
Reference:
Image credits:
Mandagapattu Trimurti Hindu temple - Ms Sarah Welch / Wiki commons