Jainism, Buddhism, and the Vedic faith were all supported by the Pallavas. They were huge music, painting, and literature fans.
The Azhwars and Nayanmars were patronised by the Pallava kings. Bhakti Cult adherents promoted a new kind of Vaishnavism and Saivism. Appar and Manikkavasakar were two Saivites.
Nammazhvar and Andal were two Vaishnavites. The Bhakti movement intended to promote a popular faith in which Tamil prayers were preferred above Sanskrit prayers.
Women were encouraged to take part in religious gatherings. The Tamil devotional cult competed with Buddhism and Jainism for followers. As a result, in most regions of Tamil country, the latter has gradually declined.
Education and Literature
During the Pallava period, Kanchi's Gatika (monastery or study centre) was a popular destination for students from all over India and the world.
Vatsyaya, the author of Nyaya Bhashya, was a Kanchi teacher (Gatika). During Mahendravarma I's reign, a treatise on Dakshin Chitram (South Indian Paintings) was compiled. Dandin, a famous Sanskrit scholar, lived in Narasimhavarma I's court. Dandin wrote Dashakumara Charita.
Simhavishnu lived during the period of Bharavi, a prominent Sanskrit scholar. Kiratarjuniya, an epic in verses, was written by Bharavi. During the Pallava dynasty, Tamil literature developed as well. Nayanmars composed Thevaram, while Azhwars composed Nalayradivyaprabandam, which devoted people still repeat.
Nandivarman II commissioned Perundevanar to translate the Mahabharata into Tamil, which he did as Bharathavenba.
The Pallava kings also patronised fine arts. Pallava's interest in music may be seen in the music inscriptions found in the Kudumianmalai and Thirumayam temples. During Mahendravarma I, the legendary musician Rudracharya lived. Many images of dancing postures are shown in sculptures from this period.
Between the \(6\)th and \(12\)th centuries, the Chalukyas governed sections of southern and central India. The Chalukyas ruled over the western and central sections of South India, including the Maratha kingdom of Vatapi (Badami).
Three separate but related and independent Chalukya dynasties existed. They were the Chalukyas of Badami, Vengi Chalukyas (Eastern Chalukyas), and Kalyani Chalukyas (Western Chalukyas). In the north, the Chalukyas held Harsha. In the south, the Pallavas, and Kalinga (Odisha) in the east.