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Disaster:
 
Disaster is a common phenomenon in human society. It has been experienced by people since time immemorial. Though its form may be varied, it is challenging for people.
A disaster is a serious disruption of the functioning of a society involving human and material loss. Disaster is broadly classified into natural and man-made disasters.
The latest development discovered in the World Disaster Reports recently is that the disasters have increased in frequency and intensity.
 
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Flood in a village
 
India is one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world. It has some of the world’s most severe droughts, famines, cyclones, earthquakes, chemical disasters, rail accidents, and road accidents.
The increased population in developing countries, especially in high-risk coastal areas, resulted in millions of people being affected by natural disasters.
 
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Damages caused by disaster
 
This lesson explains the various natural disasters and man-made disasters. It also deals with the precautionary and mitigation measures taken to avoid the loss of lives and materials.