In the previous Chapter, we saw how rich and diverse the wildlife in South America is as an overview. Now, let us discuss the individual type of vegetations and their associated flora, fauna, and climate.
Equatorial rain forests usually have a thick canopy of forests due to heavy rainfall. The equatorial tropical rainforest is found within \(5 \)degrees on either side of the, i.e. north and south of the equator. Amazon forest hosts around \(60\) per cent of the world's largest tropical forest.
|Region||Amazon Basin, Northeastern Brazil and Coastal Columbia|
|Flora||Rubber, Mahogany, Ebony, Logwood, Brazil nuts and Ceiba|
|Fauna||Anaconda, Armadillo, Piranha, Monkey, Snake, Crocodile and Parrots.|
|Climate||Mild and wet climate throughout the year|
|Region||Southern Brazil, Southern Chile, Brazilian Highlands, Paraguay and Uruguay|
|Flora||Beech, Conifers, Parana Pines and Quebracho|
|Fauna||White-tailed Deer, Raccoons, Opossums, Porcupines and Red Fox.|
Image Credit: Anaconda - Vadim Petrakov/shutterstock.com