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In the previous Chapter, we saw how rich and diverse the wildlife in South America is as an overview. Now, let us discuss the individual type of vegetations and their associated flora, fauna, and climate.
Equatorial Forest
Equatorial rain forests usually have a thick canopy of forests due to heavy rainfall. The equatorial tropical rainforest is found within \(5 \)degrees on either side of the, i.e. north and south of the equator. Amazon forest hosts around \(60\) per cent of the world's largest tropical forest.
 
Climate
  • Hot and wet climate throughout the year.
  • It receives high rainfall throughout the year.
  • There is no dry season in the Equatorial region.
RegionAmazon Basin, Northeastern Brazil and Coastal Columbia
FloraRubber, Mahogany, Ebony, Logwood, Brazil nuts and Ceiba
FaunaAnaconda, Armadillo, Piranha, Monkey, Snake, Crocodile and Parrots.
 
Anaconda - South America - Yaclass.jpg
Anaconda
  
Piranha - South America - Yaclass.jpg
Piranha
 
Armadillo -South America - Yaclass.jpg
Armadillo
Temperate Forest
ClimateMild and wet climate throughout the year
RegionSouthern Brazil, Southern Chile, Brazilian Highlands, Paraguay and Uruguay
FloraBeech, Conifers, Parana Pines and Quebracho
FaunaWhite-tailed Deer, Raccoons, Opossums, Porcupines and Red Fox.
 
Raccoons -South America - Yaclass.jpg
Raccoons
 
Opossums - South America - Yaclass.jpg
Opossums
 
Porcupine - South America - Yaclass.jpg
Porcupine
Reference:
Image Credit: Anaconda - Vadim Petrakov/shutterstock.com