The Mediterranean Forest
Summer is hot and dry; winter is mild and wet
|Region||South Atacama desert, Central Chile|
|Flora||Thorny Shrubs, Cactus, Evergreen Laurel and Acacia|
|Fauna||Not much wildlife is found here.|
The acacia trees and red ants live in a mutually benefiting relationship. The tree produces specialised structures to shelter and feed the ant colony, and the ants, in turn, defend the tree against herbivores.
The Savanna Grassland
Summer is hot and moist; winter is cold and dry.
|Region||Guiana Highlands, Brazilian highland, Northern Argentina and Paraguay|
|Flora||Tall coarse grass and Acacias|
|Fauna||Capybara, Marshy Deer, White-bellied and Spider Monkey|
Long, thin arms characterise the spider monkey with gripping tails that enable them to move gracefully from branch to branch and tree to tree.These nimble monkeys spend most of their time on trees and maintain a powerful grip on branches even though they have no thumbs.