There is a saying, one thing that differentiates human beings from other creatures is laughter and language. Being a social animal, language serves as a great force of socialization in human society. Language, either in the written or oral form, is the most common type of communication. Language promotes the transmission of ideas and the functioning of political, economic, social and religious systems.
India writes in many languages and speaks in many more voices. And yet, communication has never broken down in this sub-continent. With about \(2.4%\) of the world's land surface and a total of \(16%\) of the world's population, each state has its own language though the national language is Hindi. \(22 \)major language were spoken by about 97 per cent population of the country. In addition to English, India follows 22 official languages. They are:
Languages of India
1) Assamese, (2) Bengali, (3) Gujarati, (4) Hindi, (5) Kannada, (6) Kashmiri, (7) Konkani, (8) Malayalam, (9) Manipuri, (10) Marathi, (11) Nepali, (12) Oriya, (13) Punjabi, (14) Sanskrit, (15) Sindhi, (16) Tamil, (17) Telugu, (18) Urdu (19) Bodo, (20) Santhali, (21) Maithili and (22) Dogri.
The principal languages of the Dravidian family are Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam etc., and these languages are mainly spoken in southern India.
In recent times the purpose of language evolved from being communication to communication skill. With the advancement in technology and different means of communication, understanding or communicating in different languages is made easy. This has brought the world much closer than ever before.
|11th July||World population day|
|21st February||International mother language day|
|Third Sunday in January every year||World Religious day|
|21st May||The World cultural diversity day|