Religion may be regarded as a collection of beliefs, cultural systems, and world views that relate humanity to an order of existence. In other words, a human being's trust, faith and worship of a particular system is known as a religion.
Religion may be defined as a particular system of faith and worship that brings human being with human society and, it is a symbol of group identity and a cultural rallying point.
Religion is a set of beliefs and practices through which people look for harmony with the power of the universe. Religion may impact how we interact with other people and our environment, which then shapes the development of a people’s cultural landscape.
Classification of Religion
a) Universalizing Religions
Universalizing religions propose belief systems that are attractive to the universal population. They seek new members and welcome anyone and everyone who wishes to adopt their belief system. Universalizing religions have many diverse members, who come from different ethnic backgrounds, hence the term universal.
Universalizing religions: Christianity, Islam and Buddhism.
In contrast to universalizing religions, ethnic religions are based on beliefs, superstitions, and rituals traditionally followed for many generations within ethnicity and culture. It follows one’s ethnicity because the religion does not tend to convert. In some ways, ethnic religions act like folk culture. It expands via relocation diffusion and often increases through birth rates.
b) Ethnic Religions
Ethnic Religions: Judaism, Hinduism and Japanese Shintoism.
c) Tribal or Traditional Religions
The tribal religion is believed to be the most primitive form of religion found in human society.
Tribal religions: Animism, Shamanism and Shaman.
Place of worship
Jain Temple or Derasar