Theory:

Governor :
Constitution of India envisions the same pattern of government in the states as that for the Centre that is, a Parliamentary system.
The Governor is the chief executive head of the State but he is a nominal executive head. In State, the Chief Minister is the real executive authority.
 
Appointment of Governor.
The President appoints the Governor for the term of five years. Governor can resign at any time by addressing a resignation letter to the President.
The Governor is not directly elected by people of the respective States because as it creates conflicts between the governor and the chief minister.
 
Qualifications :
 Only two qualifications is needed for the appointment of a person as a governor
1. He should be a citizen of India.
2. He should have completed the age of  \(35\)years.
Governor should have a sound mind. And should not hold any public office of profit.
 
What is an 'office of profit'?
If a Governor holds a government office and receives benefits from it, that office is termed an "office of profit".
So the person who is to be appointed as Governor must vacate the office in order to be appointed as a Governor. In simple words, the same person cannot hold two government post at the same time.
 
Power and functions of Governor
  • The Governor is an integral part of the State Legislature.
  • Governor is the head of the state executive, and he has enormous powers.
  • All the administration is carried on in his name.
  • He is the chancellor of Government universities in the State.
  • All bills become law only after his assent.
  •  He appoints important officials of the state government such as advocate General, Chairman and members of State Public Service Commission, State Election Commissioner, Vice-chancellors of state universities etc.