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Theory:

     We next went to a jeweller’s to find out the weight of the article. The jeweller remarked that it was an antique. Our next stop was the house of Jogesh Kabiraj. Though I was a little curious, I didn’t ask Aditya anything.
 
     We entered the house and went to the room where Sasanka Sanyal stayed. Sasanka uncle was busy reciting verses from Tagore. When he had finished, Aditya asked, ‘May we come in?’ He turned and faced us.
 
     ‘No one visits me,’ he said in an unperturbed manner.
 
     ‘Would you mind if we come in?’
 
     ‘Come in.’
 
     Except for a charpoy there was nothing else to sit on, so we remained standing.
 
     ‘Do you remember Aditya Narayan Chowdhury?’ Aditya asked him.
 
     ‘Of course,’ said the gentleman. "The  spoilt child of affluent parents! Was a fairly good student but could never beat me. He was extremely jealous of me. And  he used to tell lies."
 
     ‘I know,’ said Aditya. He then took out a packet from his pocket and handing it over to him, said, ‘This is for you, from Aditya.
Explanation:
 
Aditya and the narrator visit a jewellery store. They went to measure the weight of the item they were carrying. The jeweller recognised the piece as an antique after seeing it. They then proceeded to the Jogesh Kabiraj residence, the next stop on the route. Though the narrator was curious about what was going on, he didn't ask him any questions. So he paid attention and watched Aditya's movements.

Aditya and the narrator entered Jogesh Kabiraj's house and proceeded to Sasanka Sanyal's room. Sasanka uncle was engaged in reciting Tagore lyrics. They waited for him to finish reciting Tagore's verses. After finishing the verses, Aditya asked, 'May we come in?' After hearing Aditya's voice, Sasanka turned and looked at them.

Sasanka uncle said unsurprisingly that no one would come and visit him. Then Aditya asked him if it was okay if they came inside his room. He then asked them to come in. They entered the room. There was nothing to sit on except a charpoy. So they remained standing on the floor.

Aditya then asked Sasanka whether he remembered Aditya Narayan Chowdhury. After hearing that, he said, 'Of course'. Sasanka then said that Aditya was the spoilt child of well-to-do parents. He was a decent student, but he could never defeat him. He was envious of his success, and he had a habit of lying.

After hearing that, Aditya said, "I know", and took out a packet from his pocket and handed it over to him. He then stated that it belonged to him, and Aditya instructed him to hand it over to Sasanka. Aditya made the statement because he believed Sasanka uncle was unaware of his existence. As a result, he pretended to be Aditya's friend and handed him the packet.
 
Meanings of the difficult words:
 
S.No
Words
Meanings
1
JewellerA person who sells and sometimes repairs jewellery and watches a particular thing or item
2
ArticleA particular thing or item
3
AntiqueMade in an earlier period and considered to have value because of being beautiful, rare, old, or of high quality
4
CuriousInterested in learning about people or things around you
5
UnperturbedNot worried about something, especially when this is slightly surprising
6
Charpoy A bed used mainly in India consisting of a frame strung with tapes or light rope
7
Jealous Feelings or showing an envious resentment of someone or their achievements, possessions, or perceived advantages
8
Affluent Having a lot of money or owning a lot of things
9
Packet A paper or cardboard container, typically one in which goods are sold
10
Pocket A small bag to carry things in, made of cloth and sewn inside or outside of a piece of clothing
11
Verses Writing arranged with a metrical rhythm, typically having a rhyme
Reference:
State Council of Educational Research and Training (2018). Term-1, English Standard-10. The Attic -Satyajit Ray (pp. 94-114). Published by the Tamil Nadu Textbook and Educational Services Corporation.