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Theory:

The short story "The Last Lesson" was written by Alphonse Daudet. The story takes place during the Franco-Prussian War. The Franco-Prussian War, otherwise known as the War of \(1870\) in France, was a battle between the Second French Empire and the North German Confederation, which the Kingdom of Prussia governed. During that period, France was defeated by Prussia, the team led by Bismarck. While the Prussians were ruling France, they compelled the people of France to learn German.

'The last lesson' narrates the story of M. Hamel's last day of teaching French at school.

The characters of the lesson are,
  • M. Hamel
  • Franz
  • Old Hauser
  • Prussian Soldiers