Pavo cristatus, the Indian peacock, is the country's national bird. Due to its significant cultural and historical ties to Indian traditions, the peacock was declared the National Bird of India in \(1963\). Among the competitors were the Great Indian Bustard, Brahminy Kite, Swan and Sarus Crane.
Peacock - The National Bird
Both male and female species are commonly referred to as "peacocks". Males are called peacocks, and females are called peahens. If they're all gathered, they're called peafowl. Indian peafowl belongs to the pheasant family of birds.
During the Sangam Period, Tamil Nadu had territorial chieftains. Pegan ruled over a Nallur hill region. He is believed to be a generous King who gave his shawl to a peacock that was suffering in the cold.
Facts about National bird:
The calls of peacocks are among the most intense of any bird in the family.
Viralimalai, in the Pudukottai district of Tamil Nadu has a Peacock Sanctuary.
National Aquatic Animal:
The peaceful and elegant Ganges River Dolphin (Platanista gangetica) is India's national aquatic animal. They were discovered in \(1801\) and given the scientific name the following year. On May \(18\)th, \(2010\), India's Ministry of Environment and Forests designated these endangered species as the country's National Aquatic Animal, bringing it on par with the Peacock and the Tiger.
Ganges River Dolphins - Aquatic Animal of India
The Ganges River Dolphin is an indigenous species of India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Bhutan, where it can be found in the Ganges, River Brahmaputra, and Meghna River systems, which extend from the Foothills of the Himalayas to the coastal region.
The Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary is located in Bihar, and the Gangetic Dolphin is known locally as the 'Soons.'
1. The Ganges River Dolphin is named after the fact that it can only be found in freshwater.
2. In the marine food chain, they are considered the top predators.
3. Blind Dolphin, Susu and Shushak are some of the vernacular names.