The Governor appoints the chief minister of a state. The task of forming the state government begins after the election of the Legislative Assembly. The Chief Minister will be chosen by a party which won the most number of constituencies.
The Chief Minister is the head of the State Council of Ministers.
The Chief Minister’s office term is for five years, but it may be subject to no term limits. When he loses the support of the majority in the Legislative Assembly, he has to resign along with the whole Council of Ministers.
Essential Qualification to become Chief Minister
  • He must be a member of the State Legislature.
  • If not he should contest and win in an election before the completion of six month of taking the oath of office.
Powers & Functions
The chief minister has vast responsibilities and enormous power. He is the chief executive officer of the state. Some of his powers and functions are as follows:
  • The Governor appoints the other Ministers and assigns portfolios to them on the advice of the Chief Minister.
  • He supervises, coordinates and advises the various ministries as and when needed to improve the effective working of the departments.
  • All important and major decisions of the state are taken under his leadership. When taking decisions on policymaking, he must ensure that it wouldn’t go against the interest of the masses of the state.
  • He is the leader of the Legislative Assembly, and all the policy-related announcements are made by him/her.
  • He plays a vital role in the appointment of higher officials for various departments. Upon the recommendation of the Chief Minister and his Council of Ministers, the Governor appoints higher officials of the State.